利用SAP S/4 HANA财务分解价格差异

主页 » SAP文库 » FI

作者 Amol Rugge 2017-10-03    1569

 

 利用SAP S/4 HANA财务分解价格差异  

 

  在这篇博客中,我将解释关于"价格差异分解"的SAP S/4财务功能。正常情况下,半成品和成品采用价格指标'S'标准价格进行管理。  

 

  通常半成品和成品材料用标准价格方法评估价值从标准产品成本估算中计算。标准产品成本估算使用生产计划主数据和控制主数据(如BOM,工艺路线,活动价格,原材料价格)来完成。  

 

  在实际情景中,一旦生产订单得到处理并完成,我们发现计划(标准成本估算)和实际成本之间存在差异。在SAP中,使用结算流程在月末计算差异。一旦结算完成系统通过差异值的会计分录。  

 

  早期在ECC中仅记录在"价格差异帐户"的一个帐户上,并且成本核算基础COPA按照差异类别进行分配,但不在财务部门对GL进行分配。为了将这种差异记录在财务上并与SAP COPA实时协调,SAP在S/4 HANA中提供了功能差价分离功能。  

 

  "价格差异分割"所需的配置步骤  

 

   需要根据不同类型的差异类别创建GL主数据。   

   在OBYC中分配PRD帐户。   

   定义价格差异拆分配置文件   

   将GL Master分配给不同的差异类别   

   将公司代码分配给价格差异分解配置文件   

 

      为了详细了解它是如何工作的,我们需要按照下面列出的流程步骤进行操作。  

       COPC(成品的成本计算)以获得材料的标准价格。   

       创建BOM中的主数据并在PP中进行路由。   

       从生产订单流程(订单的TECO状态)创建生产订单到GRN。   

       方差计算   

       订单结算。   

     

     

      系统配置与屏幕截图,  

         GL主数据:根据需求为不同类型的差异类别创建GL主数据。             GL主屏幕截图      

           

        如上所示,GL主人创建了所有9种不同类型的差异。  

            GL主列表屏幕截图     

          

         价格差异科目分配为MM FICO集成         屏幕截图为OBYC    

          

       

         价格差异分解配置文件:在这里,我们必须使用科目表和控制区域的组合来定义价格差异的配置文件。   

        SPRO:  

        财务会计(新)>总帐会计(新)>定期处理>整合>材料管理>定义帐户以分解价格差异  

            价格差异拆分配置文件的屏幕截图,     

          

       

         为价格差异分类GL:我们为每个价格差异创建了不同的GLS主数据将在此处指定GLS以获取此不同GLS中的拆分单一价格差异科目。例如,对于价格差异,我们分配了52071000 GL   

            具有类别的GL任务的屏幕截图,     

          

        GL分配清单,  

            GL所有类别作业的截图,     

          

         价格差异拆分和公司代码分配:一旦我们完成拆分配置文件配置,我们必须分配公司代码来拆分配置文件。在此,我们必须从有效日期开始。从这个约会系统将启动公司代码的价格差异分割。   

            使用价格差异配置文件进行公司代码分配的屏幕截图,     

          

        现在我们已经完成了预先需要的系统配置步骤,我们将使用流程步骤来处理它的工作,  

         完成产品的产品成本核算:我使用CK40N创建了半成品产品主数据并完成了相同的产品成本核算运行。   

            材料的产品成本屏幕截图,     

          

         BOM&路由主站:在开始产品成本核算系统之前,应该有生产计划中的物料清单和路由主数据,   

            Bill of Material Master和Routing Master的屏幕截图,     

          

            路由,     

          

       

         生产订单流程:一旦生产订单完成并完成从订单收到的产品,应将其设置为TECO状态   

            生产订单的屏幕截图技术完成,     

          

         方差计算:当月末激活以计算生产订单的方差和方差类别时,我们必须对订单进行方差计算。   

        Tcode:KKS2  

            屏幕截图的差异计算,     

          

       

        一旦方差得到计算,我们执行该过程的下一步就是结算订单。  

       

         订单结算:作为月末活动,需要结算生产订单以记录生产订单的实际成本和差异。此活动使用Tcode KO88完成   

            定单结算的屏幕截图,     

          

        订单结算结果显示详细的结算与发件人和收件人的详细信息和会计凭证的细节,  

            结算接收者和发件人的屏幕截图,     

          

        与系统生成的结算相关的价格差异的会计凭证,每个差异类别的凭证与订单项一起发布的凭证。  

            结算生成的会计报表截图显示与拆分价格差异,     

          

            文件,     

          

        在上例中,系统根据资源使用差异和产出价格差异计算出的方差计算中的总价格方差分为两类。  

        如果有任何遗漏,请让我知道。  

       

      英文原文


Splitting Price Differences with SAP S/4 HANA Finance

Hello,

In this blog, I will explain about the SAP S/4 Finance functionality for “Split of Price Difference “. Normally Semi Finish and Finish Products are managed with price Indicator ‘S’ Standard Price.

Normally Semi Finish and Finish Material Valuated with standard price method value gets calculated from Standard Product Cost Estimation. Standard Product cost estimation is done using production planning master data and Controlling master data like BOM, Routing, Activity Price, Raw Material Price.

In actual scenario, once the production order gets processed and completed we found there is the difference between planned (Standard Cost Estimation) and in actual cost. In SAP this difference gets calculated at the month end using settlement process. Once the settlement completed system pass the accounting entries for the difference value.

Earlier in ECC is get recorded only on one account of “ Price Difference Account” and Costing base COPA is get distributed as per variance categories but not within Finance to GL’s. To get recorded this difference in Finance and get real-time reconciled with SAP COPA, SAP come with functionality Price Difference Split in S/4 HANA.


Configuration Steps required for “Price Difference Split “

  1. GL master data need to be created as per different type of variance category.

  2. Assign PRD account in OBYC.

  3. Define Price Difference Split Profile

  4. Assign GL Master to different Variance categories

  5. Assign Company Code to Price Difference Split Profile


To get in details how it works we need follow Process steps as enlisted below.


  1. COPC (Product costing of Finish Product) to get Standard Price of the Material.

  2. Create Master data for BOM and routing in PP.

  3. Create Production Order to GRN from production order process (TECO Status of the order).

  4. Variance Calculation

  5. Order Settlement.



System Configuration with screen shot,


    1. GL master data: As per requirement created GL Master Data for a different type of variance category.      GL master Screenshot    


As shown above, GL masters created all 9 different types of the variances.

  GL master List Screenshot  

  1. Price difference account assignment as MM FICO Integration   Screen Shot for OBYC  


  1. Price Difference Split Profile: Here we have to define profile for price difference with combination of Chart of Accounts and Controlling Area.

SPRO:

Financial Accounting (New) > General Ledger Accounting (New) > Periodic Processing > Integration > Materials Management > Define Accounts for Splitting Price Differences

  Screenshot for Price Difference Split Profile,  


  1. Assign GL with Price Variance Categories: We have created Different GLS Master for each of the price variance will assign that GLS over here to get split single price variance account in this different GLS.For example, for Price Variance, we assigned 52071000 GL

  Screenshot for GL assignment with Categories,  

List of the GL Assignment,

  Screenshot with all categories assignment with GL’s,  

  1. Price Diff Split and Company Code Assignment: Once we complete with split profile configuration we have to do an assignment of Company code to split profile. In this, we have to give valid from date. From this dating system will start price variance split for company code.

  Screen shot for Company code assignment with Price Difference Profile,  

Now we have done with pre requites system configuration steps, we will processed with process steps to see how its work,

  1. Product Costing for Finish Product: I have created Semi Finish product  master and completed product costing run for the same using CK40N.

  Screen shot for Product Cost for Material,  

  1. BOM & Routing Master : Before go for product costing system should have master data for BOM and Routing in Production Planning,

  Screen shot for Bill of Material Master and Routing Master,  

  Routing,  


  1. Production Order Process : Once production order completed and finish product received from order its should be set as TECO Status

  Screen shot for Production order Technical Completed ,  

  1. Variance Calculation: As the month end activate to calculated variance of the production order and category of the variance we have to run variance calculation for the order.

Tcode: KKS2

  Screen shot for Variance Calculation,  


Once the variance is get calculated we have perform next steps of the process it’s the settlement of the order.


  1. Order Settlement: As the month end activity , Production orders need to be settled to record actual cost and variance of the production order. This activity is completed using Tcode KO88

  Screen Shot for Order Settlement,  

Order settlement result shows details for the settlement with sender and receiver details and accounting document details,

  Screen Shot for Settlement Receiver and Senders,  

Accounting Document for Price Difference with settlement generated by system, Document posted with line item for each variance category.

  Screenshot for Settlement Generated Accounting for Price Difference with Split,  

  Document,  

In the above example, System has distributed total price variance in two categories as calculated in variance calculation to Resource-Usage Variance and Output Price Variance.

Please let me know if anything missed in this.


Thanks

Amol Rugge

本文原始地址:http://51itbooks.com/sap/theme/957.html

转载请注明出处来自 IT文库

上一篇

AA固定资产|概述

下一篇

逐步创建HTML混搭并使其在UI中可见