SAP Flexible Real Estate Management

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作者 Jayant Daithankar 2016年出版 分类:sap 1490

SAP Flexible Real Estate Management 英文原版

Contents

About the Author ...................................................................................................xvii

About the Technical Reviewer ................................................................................xix

Acknowledgments ..................................................................................................xxi

Introduction ..........................................................................................................xxiii

■ Chapter 1: Overview of the Real Estate Industry: Evolution and Trends ............... 1

Overview and Evolution of the Real Estate Industry ......................................................... 1

Need for an IT Solution ..................................................................................................... 2

Management of Real Estate ................................................................................................................... 2

Contract Management ............................................................................................................................ 2

Space Management ............................................................................................................................... 2

Lease-in/Lease-out ............................................................................................................................... 3

Reporting ............................................................................................................................................... 3

Challenges with Existing Solutions .................................................................................. 3

Need for an Integrated ERP Solution ................................................................................ 3

Summary .......................................................................................................................... 4

■ Chapter 2: Master Data Objects ............................................................................. 5

Architectural View ............................................................................................................ 6

Usage View ....................................................................................................................... 8

Business Entity ..................................................................................................................................... 8

Land ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

Building ................................................................................................................................................. 9

Rental Objects ....................................................................................................................................... 9

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Business Partners and Their Roles ................................................................................. 11

Summary ........................................................................................................................ 13

■ Chapter 3: Real Estate Contracts ......................................................................... 15

Lease-in Contracts ......................................................................................................... 15

Lease-out Contracts ....................................................................................................... 15

Terms and Security Deposit Agreements ....................................................................... 16

Critical Dates with Reason ............................................................................................. 16

Condition Amounts ......................................................................................................... 16

Steps in Contract Management ...................................................................................... 16

Summary ........................................................................................................................ 28

■ Chapter 4: Accounting ......................................................................................... 29

Periodic Posting for Lease-out Contracts ....................................................................... 30

Trigger ................................................................................................................................................. 30

Prerequisites........................................................................................................................................ 30

Menu Path ........................................................................................................................................... 30

Transaction Code ................................................................................................................................. 30

Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 31

Result................................................................................................................................................... 39

Reversal of Periodic Posting .......................................................................................... 39

Trigger ................................................................................................................................................. 39

Prerequisites........................................................................................................................................ 39

Menu Path ........................................................................................................................................... 40

Transaction Code ................................................................................................................................. 40

Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 40

Result................................................................................................................................................... 44

Verifi cation of Posting Document after Periodic Posting ................................................ 44

Trigger ................................................................................................................................................. 44

Prerequisites........................................................................................................................................ 45

Menu Path ........................................................................................................................................... 45

Transaction Code ................................................................................................................................. 45

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Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 45

List of Documents in Accounting .......................................................................................................... 48

Result................................................................................................................................................... 49

Vacancy for Rental Objects............................................................................................. 49

Menu Path ........................................................................................................................................... 50

Transaction Code ................................................................................................................................. 50

Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 50

Account Determination ................................................................................................... 51

Account Symbols ................................................................................................................................. 52

Account Symbols to Flow Types ........................................................................................................... 53

One-time Posting ............................................................................................................ 54

Menu Path ........................................................................................................................................... 54

Transaction Code ................................................................................................................................. 54

Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 54

Accrual/Deferral Postings............................................................................................... 57

Settings for Accrual/Deferrals .............................................................................................................. 57

Conditions in Foreign Currency ...................................................................................... 62

Activate Conditions in Foreign Currency in Company Code .................................................................. 62

Defi ne Translation Date Shift Rule ........................................................................................................ 62

FASB 13 ............................................................................................................................................... 62

Key Aspects .................................................................................................................... 63

Service Tax ..................................................................................................................... 63

Summary ........................................................................................................................ 64

■ Chapter 5: Business Integration .......................................................................... 65

Integration with Asset Accounting .................................................................................. 65

Customization in Asset Accounting ....................................................................................................... 66

Integration with PM ........................................................................................................ 68

Integration with PS ........................................................................................................ 69

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Integration with CRM ...................................................................................................... 69

Campaign Management for Real Estate ............................................................................................... 70

Lead Management for Real Estate ....................................................................................................... 70

Opportunity Management for Real Estate ............................................................................................. 70

Integration with DMS...................................................................................................... 70

Integration with CAD/GIS ................................................................................................ 71

Summary ........................................................................................................................ 71

■ Chapter 6: Service Charge Settlements ............................................................... 73

Infrastructure of Service Charge Settlements ................................................................ 74

Participation Group ............................................................................................................................... 74

Assign the Objects on the Assigned Objects Tab .................................................................................. 76

Settlement Unit .................................................................................................................................... 77

Settlement Participation ...................................................................................................................... 80

Pre-requisites to Confi guring Service Charge Settlement.............................................. 81

Confi gurations for Service Charge Settlements in REFX ................................................ 84

Set Service Charge Keys ...................................................................................................................... 85

Default Values for Distribution Rule of Settlement Unit ........................................................................ 87

Settlement Variants .............................................................................................................................. 88

Tenancy Laws ...................................................................................................................................... 89

Heating Days ....................................................................................................................................... 90

Defi ne Default Values for Current Occupancy Principle ........................................................................ 90

Dialogs and BAdI ................................................................................................................................. 91

Field Groups ......................................................................................................................................... 91

Field Status ......................................................................................................................................... 93

Views ................................................................................................................................................... 93

Screens ................................................................................................................................................ 94

Screen Sequences ............................................................................................................................... 95

Events .................................................................................................................................................. 96

Tables ................................................................................................................................................. 97

Implement Enhancements (BAdI) ......................................................................................................... 97

Usage Types for Service Charge Settlements ....................................................................................... 97

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Defi ne Measurement Types .................................................................................................................. 98

Defi ne Characteristics and Measuring Point Category ...................................................................... 100

Condition Types for Advance Payments and Flat Rates ...................................................................... 102

Assign Default Condition Type to Service Charge Key ........................................................................ 103

Assign Condition Type to Service Charge Key/Group .......................................................................... 104

Defi ne Default Values for Settlement Participation per Service

Charge Key ........................................................................................................................................ 104

Defi ne Settlement Parameters .......................................................................................................... 105

Defi ne RE-Specifi c Account Properties ........................................................................ 106

Defi ne Accounts Allowed for Individual Service Charge Keys ............................................................ 107

Assign RE-Specifi c Properties to GL Account .................................................................................... 108

Assign Clearing Accounts to Cost Account ........................................................................................ 109

Assign Default Condition Type to Service Charge Key ....................................................................... 110

Assign Reference Flow Types for Receivables/Credit from SCS ......................................................... 111

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 112

■ Chapter 7: Sales-Based Contracts ..................................................................... 113

Sales Rule and Reporting Rule ..................................................................................... 113

Sales-Based Agreement ............................................................................................... 114

Trigger ............................................................................................................................................... 114

Prerequisites...................................................................................................................................... 114

Menu Path ......................................................................................................................................... 114

Transaction Code ............................................................................................................................... 114

Helpful Hints ...................................................................................................................................... 114

Procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 115

Result................................................................................................................................................. 133

Collective Entry of Sales Reports ................................................................................. 133

Trigger ............................................................................................................................................... 134

Prerequisites...................................................................................................................................... 134

Menu Path ......................................................................................................................................... 134

Transaction Code ............................................................................................................................... 134

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Procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 134

Result................................................................................................................................................. 135

Sales-Based Rent Settlements ..................................................................................... 135

Trigger ............................................................................................................................................... 135

Prerequisites...................................................................................................................................... 135

Menu Path ......................................................................................................................................... 135

Transaction Code ............................................................................................................................... 136

Procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 136

Result................................................................................................................................................. 149

Customer Line Item Display ................................................................................................................ 149

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 150

■ Chapter 8: Industry Best Practices .................................................................... 151

Best Practices for Implementation/Rollout ................................................................... 151

Executive Commitment ....................................................................................................................... 152

Build a Business Case for Positive Return on Investment .................................................................. 152

Build a Case ....................................................................................................................................... 153

Core Group Formation........................................................................................................................ 153

Ensure Resource Commitment ........................................................................................................... 153

Manage Change ................................................................................................................................. 153

Manage Own Expectations ................................................................................................................. 154

Identify Potential Risk ......................................................................................................................... 154

Have Clear Interface Requirements .................................................................................................... 154

Use Reports, Key Performance Indicators, and Dashboards .............................................................. 154

Clean the Master Data ........................................................................................................................ 155

Role-Based Access Control ................................................................................................................. 155

Validate the Solution Against Architecture Guiding Principles ............................................................ 155

Team Composition and Skill Matrix Required ............................................................... 155

Steering Committee ............................................................................................................................ 156

Enterprise Architect ............................................................................................................................ 156

Program Manager ............................................................................................................................... 156

Domain Consultant (SME) ................................................................................................................... 156

■ CONTENTS

xiii

SAP REFX Functional Consultant ........................................................................................................ 157

SAP REFX Technical Consultant .......................................................................................................... 157

SAP Process Integration (PI) Consultant ............................................................................................. 157

SAP Finance and Controlling (FICO) Consultant .................................................................................. 157

Quality Assurance Consultant ............................................................................................................. 157

Rollout Team ...................................................................................................................................... 158

SAP REFX Team Ramp-Up and Competency-Building Plan .......................................... 158

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 158

■ Chapter 9: Transformation Impact of SAP REFX Implementation ...................... 159

Business Transformation .............................................................................................. 159

New-Dimension Products ............................................................................................. 160

Big Data ............................................................................................................................................. 160

SAP HANA Solutions ........................................................................................................................... 161

Mobility .............................................................................................................................................. 161

Social Media Integration ..................................................................................................................... 162

Analytics ............................................................................................................................................ 162

Internet of Things and Real Estate ...................................................................................................... 163

Cloud Computing ............................................................................................................................... 163

Business Case Justifi cation for Investment ................................................................. 164

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 164

■ Chapter 10: Step-by-Step Guide for Confi guring and Implementing SAP REFX .....165

Basic Settings in REFX ................................................................................................. 165

Activate Real Estate Extension ........................................................................................................... 165

Create Basic Settings in Company Code ............................................................................................ 166

Activate Real Estate Management in Controlling Area ....................................................................... 168

Business Partner Settings in REFX ............................................................................... 169

Maintain Number Ranges for Business Partner ................................................................................. 169

Defi ne Grouping and Assign Number Ranges ..................................................................................... 170

Defi ne Business Partner Roles ........................................................................................................... 171

Defi ne Business Partner Role Category .............................................................................................. 172

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xiv

Maintain Number Assignment for Direction BP to Customer .............................................................. 173

Set BP Role Category for Customer Integration .................................................................................. 174

Defi ne Standard Values for Automatic Creation of Customers (Company-Code Dependent) .............. 175

Master Data in REFX ..................................................................................................... 176

Defi ne Measurement Types ................................................................................................................ 176

Defi ne Tenancy Law ............................................................................................................................ 177

Maintain Number Range Intervals for Business Entity ....................................................................... 178

Maintain Number Range Intervals for Buildings ................................................................................. 179

Maintain Buildings Types .................................................................................................................... 180

Maintain Usage Types for Buildings .................................................................................................... 180

Maintain Number Range Intervals for Rental Objects......................................................................... 181

Maintain External Usage Types for Rental Objects ............................................................................. 182

Assign Usage Types to Rental Object Types ........................................................................................ 182

Maintain Measurement Types per Usage Types .................................................................................. 183

Maintain Floor Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 184

Contracts in REFX ......................................................................................................... 185

Maintain Number Range Intervals for Contracts ................................................................................ 185

Defi ne Contract Types ......................................................................................................................... 185

Assign Objects to Contract Types ....................................................................................................... 187

Defi ne Contract Types to Propose for Usage Types ............................................................................. 188

Defi ne Renewal Rules for Contracts ................................................................................................... 189

Defi ne Notice Procedures ................................................................................................................... 190

Conditions and Flows in REFX ...................................................................................... 190

Defi ne Calculation Formulas ............................................................................................................... 190

Maintain External Distribution Rule: Distribution Formulas ................................................................ 192

Defi ne Condition Types ....................................................................................................................... 194

Defi ne Condition Groups ..................................................................................................................... 196

Assign Condition Types to Condition Groups....................................................................................... 197

Assign Condition Groups to Rental Objects per Usage Type ............................................................... 198

Assign Condition Groups to Contract per Contract Type ..................................................................... 198

Defi ne Flow Types ............................................................................................................................... 199

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Assign Reference Flow Types ............................................................................................................. 200

Assign Flow Types to Condition Types ................................................................................................ 202

Accounting in REFX ...................................................................................................... 203

Defi ne Tax Types ................................................................................................................................ 203

Create Tax Groups ............................................................................................................................... 203

Maintain Default Values for Tax Rate per Contract Type ..................................................................... 204

Account Symbols ............................................................................................................................... 205

Assign Account Symbols to Flow Types .............................................................................................. 206

Replace Account Symbol with GL Accounts ....................................................................................... 207

Assign Tax Codes ............................................................................................................................... 208

Assign Tax Transaction Key ................................................................................................................ 209

Defi ne Posting Activities ..................................................................................................................... 209

Maintain Number Range for Rent Invoice ........................................................................................... 211

Correspondence in REFX .............................................................................................. 212

Defi ne Forms ..................................................................................................................................... 212

Defi ne Company-Code-Dependent Text Modules ............................................................................... 213

Dunning ........................................................................................................................ 214

Defi ne Dunning Groupings .................................................................................................................. 214

Dunning Areas ................................................................................................................................... 214

Assign Application/Role Category/Dunning Parameter ....................................................................... 215

Determine Dunnable Payment Methods ............................................................................................. 215

Summary ...................................................................................................................... 216

Index ..................................................................................................................... 217

FX-RE RE SAP 英文原版
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